The Red Fort is a famous fortification in New Delhi, the national capital of India. Red Fort was also an important residence of Mughal king families. Shah Jahan built it in 1939, and capital moved to Delhi from Agra. The name of this beautiful piece of architecture is due to its Red walls as well. However, it was also the accommodation of the emperors and their families.
Moreover, the Mughal emperors use Red Fort as a traditional and political center. Now there are many museums in this wonderful piece of architecture that have a good collection of beautiful artifacts on display. On Independence Day, the prime minister of India unfurls the Indian national flag every year.
Why Red Fort was built?
Its construction started in 1638-39 as the Mughal emperor Shahjahan desired to transfer his capital from Agra to Delhi. Firstly, it was also famous by the name of Qila-I-Mubarak. Shah Jahan, as following his strategies, started to build several iconic buildings in India as of Taj Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri, and Red Fort, etc.
In the beginning, Shah Suri started its construction, and in the end, shah Jahan completed it and made it more royalist recognition.
What is the history of Red Fort?
Ustad Ahmad Lahori was the constructor of the red fort. Its construction was started in the holy month of Muharram, on 13 May 1638. The construction duration remains nine years to build, under the management of Shahjahan, and completed on 6 April 1648.
Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan built Red Fort in1639. He heartened it as a fort capital Shahjahanabad. Red Ford is also famous due to its huge and enormous surrounded walls of red sandstone. The majestic rooms have a row of domes. They are linked through a water channel called ‘stream of paradise.’
Furthermore, the fort complication shows the peak of the Mughal construction of Shah Jahan, and it is the repetition of Islamic examples. The managerial and economic construction of the Mughal house weakened after Aurangzeb. 18th century was the renewal of this fort. When jahandar Shah occupied the Red fort in 1712, the fort had been without a king for 30 years.
In his starting year, he was killed, and Farrukhsiyar came on his seat. During his reign, he also changed the silver ceiling into copper. In 1719, Muhammad Shah, due to his attention in art, takes care of the charge of red fort. In 1939, the Mughal army beat Nadir Shah King and stole important and wealthy goods from the fort.
Nadir Shah came back to Persia after three months. He hands over the ruined city and a debilitated Mughal king to Muhammad Shah. The interior faults of the Mughal Empire also made the Mughals nominal heads of Delhi. In 1758 Maratha defeated Lahore and Peshawar.
Key features of Red Fort
The modern capital of the fifth Mughal Ruler of India, Shah Jahan. Its enormous encircling walls of red sandstone, it is head-to-head to an elder fort, the Salimgarh, constructed by Islam Shah Suri in 1546, with which it procedures the Red Fort complicated.
The major living constructions are the walls, and embankments, the central gates, the viewers’ galleries, and majestic halls on the eastern watersides.
Lahori Gate is the leading gate of the red fort. It is named due to its location as in the direction of Lahore city. When Aurangzeb was in power, the attractiveness of this gate was damaged by extra supporters. Shahjahan defined this destruction, “a mask drawn through the face of a lovely woman.” On each Indian Independence day, the National flag is waved, and prime minister addresses through its parapets.
Delhi gate is at the southern side for the people to enter in red fort. In its structure and looking, it is the same as the Lahore gate. On both sides of the gate, two large elephant size stone is structured as facing each other.
Head to head to Lahore gate is chahtta chowk. In the reign of Mughal, here were the shops of silk, jewelry, and other things for the magnificent domestic uses. The bazaar followed to an exposed outside court. Here it marks the great north-South Street. This street divides military activities of the fort to the west and the east. Delhi gate is at the southern end of this street.
The curved gallery of the Chhatta Chowk finishes in the heart of the external court. After the revolt in 1857, the British ruined the side galleries and main tanks of red fort. In the east wall of the court, there is a Naubat khana, also named as Nakkar khana. In Kakkar khana, there is a specific night time to play music and other activities.
The protected arcades enclosed the internal central court to which Nakkar khana directed 540 feet in width and 420 feet in depth. On the distant side, there is a Diwan-i-Awam, known as Public Audience Hall. The real white chunam stucco added charm and beauty in Diwan-i-Aam of red fort.
The Diwan-i-Aam was also famous as to discuss public problems and other state issues. Behind the yard, it follows the majestic rooms.
Besides the eastern edge of the fort, there is also the majestic rooms consist of a row of buildings on an elevated stage, supervising the Yamuna. A canal linked the buildings, also called Nahr-i-Bihisht. It is flowing through the middle of each building.
Through the Yamuna with tower water strained with a tower, the shahi Buri, at the north side part of the fort. The structure of fortress is as to compete with heaven, as mentioned in the Quran. Zer-jharokha is under the grand buildings and linked rooms in the riverbed.
There are two southernmost buildings of the fort as ‘the apartment for ladies comprising Mumtaz Mahal, and superior rang Mahal.’
In rang Mahal, there are the houses of the ruler’s wives and lovers. Furthermore, this portion is also known as the ‘fort of charm’ and is intensely decorated with a combination of glasses. Nahr-i-Bihisht nourished the dominant marble pool.
On the north side of Diwan-i-Awam, there is a gate as followed to the internal court of the fort and Diwan-i-Khas. In its construction, there is a marvelous use of white marble and valuable stones. At the finale of the gallery, above the two external arcs, is an engraving by Persian poet Amir Khusrow:
”If heaven can be on the face of the earth, it is this; it is this, it is this.”
The ruler’s bath was known as the hammam. They consist of three vaulted rooms stunned with white marble.
The baoli or step-well is one of the memorials to the British not destroyed after the Indian Rebellion of 1857. The cavities in the baoli changed into a jail. In 1945–46, in the Indian National Army Trials, it contained Indian National Army officers Colonel Shah Nawaz Khan, Colonel Prem Kumar Sahgal, and Colonel Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon. In its design, Baoli also has duel groups of stairs following down to well.
Moti Masjid is on the west side of the hammam. It is also known as the pearl mosque. In 1959, Aurangzeb changed it into a personal mosque for himself. In its structure, it is little, three doomed mosques engraved in white marble with a three-arched screen following down to the yard.
On the southern side of the fort is the Hira Mahal. Bahadur Shah II constructed it and at the finale of the Hayat Bakhsh plot. After the 1857 revolt, the British government demolished it.
The Shahi Burj was the ruler’s core learning as the name refers to “Ruler’s Tower,” and it firstly had a chhatri on top. It was also severely spoiled and is experiencing rebuilding. In front of it is a marble building as addition by Aurangzeb.
Hayat Bakhsh Bagh
On the northeast side of the complicated, there is The Hayat Bakhsh Bagh. It is the “Life-Bestowing Garden” of the fort. It has a pool, which is now dry, and canals through which the Nahr-i-Bihisht streams. A white marble tower at every corner, known as Sawan and Bhadon Towers.
In the mid of the pool, there is also a red-sandstone Zafar Mahal. Bahadur Shah Zafar constructed it in 1842. On the west side of Hayat Bakhsh Bagh are little parks of Mehtab Bagh or Moonlight Garden. After the construction of British barracks, Briitish soldiers also demolished these gardens.
There are strategies to recover the gardens. The north side road followed to a curved bridge and the Salimgarh Fort.
A quarter of the ruler princess is at the north side of Hayat Bakhsh Bagh and the Shahi Burj. The members of the imperial family used it. But British forces also demolished it after the revolt. British soldiers also changed one of its parts into a tea section for the soldiers.
Importance of Red Fort
Daily, thousands of visitors visit the red fort. Red fort warmly welcomes them with its magnificent charms. The inside part of the red fort contains several parts as Diwan-I-Khaas, Diwan-I-Aam, Khas Mahal and Rang Mahal. It also takes you through the times and eras of various Rajput and Mughal rulers and kings of India like Prithviraj Chauhan, Humayun, and Bahadur Shah Zafar.
Chatta Chowk, a bazaar or a market inside the Fort, is another attraction. The interior area of the Red Fort has many sections like Diwan-I-Khaas, Diwan-I-Aam, Khas Mahal, and Rang Mahal. Lahore Gate and Delhi Gate are the two gates of the Red Fort. Visitors can visit it from Tuesday to Sunday, and it remains closed on Monday.
Red Fort Light and Sound Show
The light and music of each night is the most captivating moment to attract visitors. The duration of music is about an hour, and lyrics are in English and Hindi. There is also a break of half an hour. Their lyrics are in the remembrance of Mahabharat and Pandavas to the years of the British government in India.
The audience can also remember the peak time duration of several Rajput and Mughal leaders of India as Prithviraj Chauhan, Humayun, and Bahadur Shah Zafar. Chatta Chowk, a market in the fort, is an extra magnetism of this fort.
Red Fort as a world tradition site
In the 17th century Mughal prodigy, was awarded the world heritage site rank by UNESCO on Thursday. Red Fort is measured to signify the peak of Mughal imagination, which under Ruler Shah Jahan was transported to a novel smooth of modification.
Status of Red Fort in the current framework
Red Fort, the Hub of Delhi, had its countless reputation in the Mughal Era. It was the chief dwelling of 3000 people. Red Fort is “Delhi’s greatest well-known traveler” terminus, appeals ‘lots of guests’ every year.
It is also the main place where the prime minister of India on the occasion of Independence Day on August 15 made his speech. It is also the major memorial of Delhi. After the independence war of 1857, ‘UNESCO World Heritage’ Site in 2007, nominate this remarkable fort.
The fort consists on the area of more than 255 acres. It has a combination of architectural elegances like Islamic, Hindi, Timurid, and Persian. In the construction of some sections of the fort, there is also a good use of red stone, whereas the others have excessive use of marble. The building is in the form of an unequal octagon, integrates rudiments of orchard enterprise and also structures towers, bastions, pavilions, two gates, and numerous other units.
Slighter Identified Truths about the Red Fort
- The most favorite colors of shah Jahan were white and red. That’s why in the construction of the red fort, there is a marvelous use of red and white colors.
- The fort is presented on the back of the new 500 rupees’ money.
- In 2019, the PM of India also introduced five additional galleries in Red Fort named as the Subhash Chandra Bose Museum, the Museum of 1857, Yaad-e-Jillian, Drishyakala, and Azaadi Ke Deewane.
Significance of red fort
The highest walls symbolized to give the highest protection to the monarchs. As it was also built up by the red stone and bricks British government named it a red fort, and residential called it Lal Qila.
Similarities between Agra fort and red fort
There is also a huge combination of structure between Agra fort and red fort. But, it is more secure and easily reachable because the Indian army occupied most sections of red for.
Frequently Asked Questions
At which time you can visit red fort?
You can visit red fort throughout the week except for Mondays. The timing of the visit is 9.30 am to 4.30 pm. And if you are trying to find the best and suitable time to visit the red fort, then you must visit it from October to February, because at this time Delhi is in its most charming sights.
Can you take pictures in Red Fort?
Yes, you can. But you have no permission to take photos in the museum.
What is the payment procedure to visit the red fort?
Generally, you have to pay for 2 to 3 hours as you take the time to visit the red fort.
Can you eat food in the red fort?
No, you cannot eat food items in the red fort, but you can carry your water bottles with them.
Why is the flag raised at Red Fort?
On 15 August, the Prime Minister also raises the Indian flag on the walls of the ancient site of Red Fort in Delhi. Now, there fired Twenty-one gunshots in respect to the sincere event as well. On this day, the prime minister makes a speech in remembrance of old heritage, severe issues, and steps for the next progress.
Who is the constructor of Delhi Gate?
It is in the mid of the road, at the close of Netaji Subhash Chandra Road at the brink of the Daryaganj. Ruler Shah Jahan originated in 1638 as a portion of the rubble-built high fort walls that surrounded the Shahjahanabad, the seventh city of Delhi.
What was the past color of the red fort?
When Shahjahan constructed the red fort in 1648, it was white. Now not only the name but also its appearance changes into a red color.
Can you move into the gardens of the red fort?
You can freely move in little bags, but you have to get the security check as to when you visited the other gardens and went into them.
What are the entry fees of the red fort?
The entry fees of the red fort are Rs. 35.0 for each individual for Indians, 500.0 for each individual for Far-off visitors, 25.0 per camcorder, 80.0 for each individual for grown-ups on weekends, 30.0 for each individual for children on weekends, 60.0 for each individual for grownups on weekdays.